Signs of Ovulation

Sometimes the desired pregnancy makes you wait. Some women in this situation begin to listen to their bodies in order to feel special sensations during ovulation. Others are looking for information on methods to detect symptoms more accurately. How not to miss the time favorable for conception, and what is better to trust – your own feelings or scientific methods? To always be aware of your body and ovulation, use the best ovulation test strips.

Why is ovulation so important for pregnancy planning?

To begin with, we will understand what ovulation is. This is the moment the egg leaves the ovary into the fallopian tube, after which it becomes available for sperm. The egg lives for about 24 hours 1, and then the “fertilization window” closes. Thus, during the entire menstrual cycle, there is only one day in which a woman can conceive a child.

You may have heard from your friends that they became pregnant on the day when there were no symptoms or signs of ovulation. They are mistaken in their feelings: without a lively and accessible egg, fertilization is impossible in principle. But there are nuances. First, sex that will cause pregnancy does not have to happen on the day of ovulation. Spermatozoa that reach the cervix or overcome this barrier remain viable for up to three, sometimes five days 2. This means that they can wait until the egg “leaves the house.” Secondly, the day of ovulation may not come in the middle of the cycle, but sooner or later due to the individual characteristics of the body, changes in hormonal levels, stress and other reasons.

When does ovulation occur?

This occurs around the middle of the menstrual cycle. With an ideal course of an ideal 28-day cycle, this event will happen on the 14th day. However, in reality, the egg release period varies widely, so the calendar in this matter is an unreliable assistant 3. Relying on special sensations is also not worth it. However, there are certain signs of ovulation in women, with which you can understand when a favorable day for conception comes.

As can be seen in this illustration, follicular maturation starts from the beginning of menstruation, and on the day of ovulation, the egg leaves it. At the same time, an increase in body temperature * 4 and an increase in the level of luteinizing hormone * 5 are observed. These two symptoms are one of the main symptoms. We will tell you more about them.

How to detect ovulation by temperature change?

During the day, the human body temperature changes, and it reaches the lowest point in the resting phase, i.e. during a night’s sleep. This temperature is called basal, and in the dynamics of its change, you can see signs of ovulation in a woman.

In the early days of the menstrual cycle, the basal temperature stays at approximately the same level. The day before ovulation, it decreases by a fraction of a degree, and on the main day for future pregnancy, it increases, and above the level of the beginning of the cycle. It is important to understand that all these “jumps” are hardly noticeable: the temperature after ovulation is only 0.3-0.6 degrees higher than the temperature before it. However, due to the characteristic pattern (almost direct, short-term subsidence, rise above the initial level), these signs can be recognized.

How does the luteinizing hormone help determine ovulation at home?

The concentration of luteinizing hormone increases significantly shortly before ovulation and then also drops sharply 5. The principle of operation of special test strips, which can be bought at most pharmacies and in many supermarkets, is based on this feature. The ovulation test is very similar to the pregnancy test and has the same mechanism of action: you need to wet a strip of urine and wait for the result.

Can a gynecologist recognize signs of ovulation in a woman?

Naturally! He can see the symptoms even visually. The cervical canal is filled with the so-called cervical mucus – it protects the uterus from the penetration of harmful microorganisms, as well as sperm. During ovulation, the mucus liquefies * 6, becomes more fluid to open the sperm to the egg. A specialist is able to notice these signs during a gynecological examination.

There are more modern methods for recognizing ovulation. Firstly, the main instrument of gynecology and obstetrics is ultrasound 7. Secondly, the same test for a luteinizing hormone that you can do at home. Only in the clinic blood is taken for analysis, and laboratory equipment measures the level of the hormone in numbers and confirms ovulation with great accuracy.

Unfortunately, not all women have the opportunity to visit a specialist for several days in a row. But if you have one, this is, of course, an ideal option.

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What is female fertility and what does it depend on?

One of the main destinations of a woman is the birth of a child. But pregnancy is not always as easy as we would like. An essential factor for conception is female fertility, which is an indicator of the health of the entire reproductive system of a woman.

What is a woman’s fertility?

Female fertility is directly the woman’s ability to conceive and bear children. From birth, a woman’s body contains several million eggs, which are taken during the period of intrauterine development. It is believed that by adolescence, their number decreases to about 400 thousand. It is essential to understand that these cells in the body do not renew, as sperm do in men.

From the moment puberty begins (when girls start menstruating), the eggs, which were previously in the ovaries in a “sleeping” state, begin to gradually mature. Once a month, approximately in the middle of the menstrual cycle, a mature egg comes out of the follicle – this process is called ovulation, and it is directly related to the woman’s ability to conceive a child. The egg after fertilization by the sperm gradually enters the uterus, where it attaches to the walls of the uterus for further growth and development of the fetus.

Female fertility depends not only on ovulation but also on other conditions of the body:

  • it is necessary that the fallopian tubes, in which the egg is to meet with the sperm, must have normal patency;
  • the endometrium must be of sufficient thickness so that the embryo is successfully implanted for subsequent development;
  • The uterus and its cervix must be healthy to bear the baby and reduce the likelihood of premature birth.

Various hormones produced by the body continually influences all the processes of a woman’s reproductive system. Therefore, the hormonal background is also essential for female fertility.

The level of female fertility is usually evaluated by three factors – the ability to conceive, bear, and give birth to a child. It is believed that if a woman is capable of only 2 of the three factors, then fertility is low if all three are average. High productivity is indicated if a woman can conceive, bear, and give birth to several children in a row.

Fertile days

Fertile are those days of the menstrual cycle in which the likelihood of becoming pregnant is maximum. This period begins five days before ovulation and ends a couple of days after it. To determine the days of fertility, you can count on the calendar – it is assumed that ovulation occurs in the middle of the cycle, and from this date, five days are numbered in one and two days in the other direction. But this method is not accurate since each organism is individual, and the egg can exist on different days.

You can determine the days of fertility in a woman in other ways:

  • My basal temperature. It is measured every morning in the rectum, without getting out of bed, and recorded on a schedule. Ovulation is indicated by a slight drop in temperature, followed by a sharp increase.
  • According to cervical secretions. On fertility days, they become more voluminous, and their consistency also changes – they become stretching, outwardly similar to egg white.
  • According to ovulation tests. You can buy them at the pharmacy. Performing is similar to pregnancy tests – the test strip is lowered into a container with urine. But the procedure must be performed daily; it is recommended to start about five days before the expected ovulation. When the test shows two equally bright strips, this means the maximum readiness of the female body in the next day for conception.

In addition to the listed methods for determining such days, a woman can undergo an ultrasound examination, but this method is not used so often. By identifying fertile days, a woman significantly increases her chances of pregnancy in the current menstrual cycle.

what is fertility photo

What is a woman’s fertility days?

Factors Affecting Fertility

It should be understood that the level of female fertility is not a constant indicator given from birth. It is influenced by many elements at once, among which:

  • Age (every year, eggs from the ovaries exit less often, cycles without ovulation occur more often);
  • Too significant or insufficient weight (affects the hormonal background);
  • Stress (cause hormonal imbalance);
  • Early menopause
  • Some diseases that affect the hormonal balance (diabetes, polycystic ovary syndrome and others);
  • Impassable fallopian tubes;
  • Some gynecological diseases (including non-inflammatory ones);
  • Numerous surgical interventions in the uterus (primarily abortion);
  • Bad habits.

When evaluating female fertility, the following factors should always be considered. Some of them lead to the inability to become pregnant, while others affect the ability to bear.

Violations of female fertility can be permanent – it is impossible to become pregnant naturally, and also temporary – if the negative factors are eliminated, conception and childbirth are possible.

How to increase a woman’s fertility?

If you find any health problems that interfere with the conception of a child, it is first necessary to begin adequate treatment prescribed by a doctor. If necessary, both drug therapy and surgical intervention can be specified, and treatment should not be neglected.

But besides diseases and health-related disorders, many factors can help improve fertility and give birth to a healthy baby. The following rules can increase the ability to conceive and have a baby:

  1.    Regular sex life (at least 2-3 times a week);
  2.    Balanced nutrition (rejection of low-calorie diets, the inclusion of various foods in the diet, exclusion of junk food – fried, too fatty, pickled, and so on);
  3.    Complete rejection of bad habits (alcohol and smoking);
  4.    Reception of vitamin complexes prescribed by a doctor;
  5.    Moderate physical activity;
  6.    Decreased caffeine intake
  7.    Stress minimization;
  8.    Compliance with the water balance (daily accordance with the norm of clean water is approximately 2 liters);
  9.    Refusal to take painkillers during ovulation, as they can adversely affect the whole process.

All these recommendations can favorably affect the fertility of women, increasing the likelihood of conception and the birth of a healthy baby. Therefore, adhere to such rules regardless of the level of productivity and the presence of unsuccessful attempts to become pregnant in the past.

If pregnancy does not occur within a year after the start of rushing attempts, you should think about the reasons for which you should consult a gynecologist-reproductologist. With its help, an examination of the body and determination of the level of female fertility will be carried out, and if necessary, competent treatment will be prescribed.

how change diaper

How often to change a diaper for a baby?

Newly-made mothers who recently gave birth to their first child are terrified of doing something wrong and inadvertently harming the baby. You want to raise healthy, happy, and active children, and therefore, surround them with care and attention. And since the change in disposable diapers is an integral part of caring for small children, many parents quite reasonably have feelings and doubts about whether they often change diapers.

Today there are no strictly established norms in which it would be written, after how long it is necessary to change the diaper. However, it is imperative to take into account the child’s age and how often he has urination and bowel movements.

how change diaper

How often to change diapers in newborns?

How often to change diapers in newborns?

Babies are considered to be babies from birth until they turn 28 days old. Moreover, this neonatal period is divided into two stages:

  • early neonatal period, which approximately lasts from the 1st to the 7th day of the baby’s life;
  • late neonatal period, which begins on the 7th day of life and ends on the 28th day.

Each of these stages of the little man has its characteristics and directly affects how many times his diapers will have to be changed by his parents.

The thing is that it is in the first week of the baby’s life that he adapts to the extrauterine existence. Therefore, parents need to be prepared for the fact that the child will have frequent urination (standard – 15-20 times in bitches).

Also, it is in the early neonatal period (approximately from the 1st to the 5th day) that the child’s body is freed from meconium, and only with the appearance of breast milk in the mother does his stool begin to improve. Thus, while caring for the baby, the diaper will have to be changed more often than for older children.

In the late neonatal period, frequent urination in the newborn is also observed (up to 20 times a day), but the child’s body has already got rid of the first feces, and stool is starting to improve. And therefore, if you ask any pediatrician about how often to change diapers in newborns, he will answer that you need to do this every two to three hours.

Many diapers that are designed for newborns have special indicator strips. They indicate to parents that it is time to make a replacement. If there is no such indicator, it is recommended to spend a hand every hour on the inner surface of the diaper, and if it is wet, then immediately remove it from the child. In this case, one must not forget to regularly wash the baby and give his delicate skin a break from the diaper.

Also, do not be scared if the process of excretion in a newborn occurs after each breastfeeding – this is considered the norm. But if this happened, then you must remove the diaper and wash the baby.

How many times to change a diaper for babies from a month?

Each mom needs to understand that the older her child becomes, the fewer times he will need to relieve himself. Of course, it will not be possible to accurately calculate this, because there are individual characteristics of the organism, but there is still some dependence.

From the table, you can see that at the age of up to 3 months, pediatricians recommend changing the diaper every 3-4 hours and do this even if it is not yet full. And all because the skin of young children is very delicate, and prolonged exposure to diapers can cause diaper rash and discomfort.

At the age of 3 to 6 months, a diaper can be changed for a child even after a five-hour stay in it. But this does not mean that you can keep the baby in full diapers – this can never be done under any circumstances.

As for children of one year old, their parents usually no longer have questions about changing diapers, because they already know the needs of their child and the features of their body, so the change is carried out as necessary.

Do I need to change diapers at night?

Many executive parents, remembering that the diaper needs to be changed every three hours, regularly carry out such manipulations with the child even at night. However, doctors do not recommend this if the diaper is not full, the skin is dry, and the baby is sleeping calmly. In cases where the diaper is full or if something is uncomfortable for the child, you should carefully replace it.

Caring for newborns is a very painstaking and responsible task, but disposable diapers greatly simplify the life of modern parents who can only carefully monitor their baby. Regularly changing diapers, caring for delicate skin, and observing the rules of intimate hygiene, mothers will save both themselves and the child from unnecessary feelings and suffering.

How many times have you changed diapers for your baby? Share your experience in the comments – it will be invaluable to parents!