Traveling during pregnancy: what to look for

Most doctors agree that during pregnancy, the main thing is a positive attitude. And what else helps to recharge with energy, positive emotions and gain strength, if not travel? So, if you have no medical contraindications and the need to follow a special regime, travel to your health! You just have to slightly adjust the usual vacation scenario and take into account a couple of nuances to make your trip during this period comfortable and pleasant. Check Travis site for learn more.

1. Choice of direction

Pregnancy, of course, is not a disease, and a pregnant woman is not disabled, but still it cannot be denied that this is a special condition for the body. First of all, make sure that medical assistance is easily available during your trip; just in case. It is better to postpone trips to exotic countries with a low level of medical services. By the way, the quality of the healthcare system does not always directly correspond to the standard of living in the country, for example, in Thailand , Cuba and Mexico, medicine is at its best. It is very important to avoid travel to areas with poor epidemiological conditions during pregnancy, such as those with a high risk of contracting malaria or Zika virus. You can find the latest information on this topic on the WHO website.

Don’t forget that it is cheaper and easier to plan your trip using our flight + hotel package

2. Medical insurance

Please note that standard travel insurance does not cover pregnancy-related cases, so you will need to purchase special extended health insurance. This is a rather expensive service and not all companies on the Russian market provide it, but it is definitely not worth saving on it. You can only be insured until a certain period of pregnancy, for most companies it is 24-30 weeks, but some insure up to 36.

3. Way of travel

Russian doctors like to scare pregnant women with the dangers of air travel, although in reality the plane is dangerous only because it is impossible to get medical care on board at any time. Some troubles can be caused by dehydration, which you will most likely face due to the dry air in the cabin. But this is easy to deal with – just drink more water. At the same time, it will help to avoid edema and reduce the risk of thrombosis. The greatest danger during the flight is the prolonged stay in one position, because of this, the likelihood of deep vein thrombosis increases. To prevent this condition, it is recommended to move more, walk around the cabin and do simple exercises. Do not forget about compression underwear, it is believed that it is shown to all pregnant women during the flight as a safety measure. Many pregnant women refuse to travel because of radiation. Indeed, at the height of the aircraft’s movement, the intensity of gamma radiation increases slightly, but with single flights, the total dose is insignificant (to reach the permissible limit, you need to fly 300-400 hours).

If you are still afraid to fly, the choice is the car and the train. A general rule of thumb for traveling by car is to always wear a seat belt. Even if you do not have a special belt for pregnant women, it is better to use the regular one than to go without wearing it at all. Never disable airbags in the car – the risk of their absence is many times greater than the potential trouble from deployment. Be sure to stop every two to three hours to warm up. When traveling, stock up on water, food and motion sickness medication. Even if you’ve never felt sick in a car before, it can happen during pregnancy.

As for the train, its only drawback compared to the plane is its low speed, but otherwise it is an ideal transport for pregnant women.

4. Pregnancy period

The best time to travel is the second and the beginning of the third trimester, toxicosis usually passes by this time, but you still do not get tired too quickly. In addition, according to the rules of some airlines, it is forbidden to fly for more than 24-36 weeks. If your pregnancy is already noticeable, the airline representative has the right to require a doctor’s certificate before letting you on board. The certificate must indicate the period in weeks and information that the pregnancy is proceeding without complications and there are no contraindications for the flight. If you are flying with a foreign company, especially if the airports of departure and arrival are not in Russia, make a notarized translation of the certificate into English; a document in Russian may not be accepted from you. Such papers are issued both in state antenatal clinics and in commercial clinics.

5. A few simple rules

The most important thing is not to overwork. If you have enough strength to walk for several hours in a row, do not deny yourself a walk, and if you get tired quickly, give yourself the opportunity to rest. In no case do not force yourself to go to museums or swim in the sea through force, you have every right to dispose of your vacation at your own discretion and taking into account your capabilities.

The same rule applies to outdoor activities – if jogging and many kilometers of swimming are easy for you, there is no need to limit yourself without special instructions from a doctor. But if before you were not distinguished by your love of trekking or cycling, you should definitely not start practicing them during pregnancy.

When it comes to food and drink, the most important thing is to avoid food poisoning; during pregnancy, they are fraught with unpleasant consequences for both mother and baby. So wash all vegetables and fruits thoroughly with bottled water and do not eat in questionable establishments. There is no special diet for pregnant women, and all nutritional instructions during this period should be given by a doctor, taking into account your individual characteristics. Usually, pregnant women are advised to refuse products from unpasteurized milk, raw meat and eggs, and some types of fish.

During this period, it is very important to adhere to the rules of exposure to the sun: do not be exposed to direct sunlight from 12 to 16, protect the skin and head and drink water regularly.

And remember, the final travel decision during pregnancy can only be made after consulting your doctor.

Pregmate Reviews – Discover How To Search For The Best Pregnancy Tests

Best pregnancy test are a wonderful source of information for pregnant women who are on the lookout for a reliable and affordable pregnancy test. It is often difficult to find a reliable, trustworthy and reasonably priced urine pregnancy test. It is very common for pregnant women to spend a lot of money on their own pregnancy tests.

The problem is that many expensive pregnancy tests are unreliable and will not provide useful results. If you are willing to do some additional research and read a few pregmate reviews you will soon discover that it is necessary to look for a slightly more affordable yet equally dependable urine pregnancy test to choose from.

Pregmate reviews are full of useful information about the product you are looking for. You can easily determine whether the product is reliable or not based on the feedback from other customers. While reading reviews it is very important to consider the kind of product you want.

There are various pregnancy tests available in the market. Some of these are as reliable as others. While searching for a good pregnancy test, it is always better to focus on a single test because this will make your search much easier.

The most expensive urine pregnancy test available in the market has the same accuracy rate as a cheaper product. The best part about it is that the best quality products are of top brand names.

The more expensive urine pregnancy test will also have a longer shelf life and may have some additional features. However, it is not recommended to buy a single brand urine pregnancy test because some of the brands have expired ratings and it may not provide you with accurate results.

You may also want to consider some of the benefits of the primate reviews. A single pregmate review may not be very informative but a comprehensive review might be very helpful.

A review which covers the details of every aspect of the pregnancy test can help you get a better idea of the product you want to purchase. Reading the reviews carefully will help you narrow down your search.

It is very important to compare the price range of products because this will help you find a product that fits your budget. In addition, you should compare the prices from one manufacturer to another because you should have similar expectations for the quality of the product.

You can also browse online for reliable and reputable retailers. A large number of reviews will come up, you can easily choose a brand from among them and then take your pick.

Reviews are also a great way to meet other pregnant women who share your views and experiences. This can be very beneficial to those who are looking for specific brands or a specific type of pregnancy test.

Reviews can also help you know more about the product you want to purchase. Researching the reviews is very important because you might not be sure if the review will be helpful or not.

Womens Fertility Guide

Every baby guide I have used so far has either recommended cotton or non-wovens, so I was very confused. Read more at Wild at Heart blog. I usually buy non-washable brands as I hate the thought of wearing dirty nappies. As a baby I am tired of the mess and feel uncomfortable. But what I didn’t realize is that to make my child safe I should use a woman’s fertility guide.

There are many reasons why I should use a woman’s fertility guide. For one thing you can use the best washable nappies with the best benefits. It’s also an extra layer of protection from chemicals and mould. It will help with any illness and flu, you might be having as well. And you will be helping your body have the best nutrition it can get to help the pregnancy.

I’ve always had problems with washing washable nappies and trying to make them dry. They get all wrinkled and soiled. When it gets all wrinkled it makes it hard to clean the legs when you have to wear them, especially when you have a small baby.

Baby guide recommends washable maternity cotton and has made some changes to the product so that it is easy to use. The solution is now a special wrinkle free cotton which has all the qualities I want in a washable nappy.

The reason why I prefer washable nappies over non-wovens is because the fabric is softer and has a higher absorbency than a non-woven. Both materials are designed to absorb moisture and keep the baby dry. But a synthetic/non-woven can’t do this.

But even with washable nappies, the best part is the ability to wash and dry them easily. So you don’t have to run back to the shops and back to the changing cubicle every time you have to wash a nappy. I am really lucky to have a kitchen computer and so I can just make a batch of washable nappies using nothing more than an electric bowl and washing machine.

My best advice for using baby guides is to make sure the instructions are written by a professional and that they provide you with a cream to put on your hands before using. Some womb baby guides have only a simple spread of pictures and not enough information to make sure that you don’t make a mistake. Make sure they include videos too as the videos are really the best thing for explaining how to do things.

My best advice for using a woman’s fertility guide is to read it in the first three pages and then it should say the risk factors and side effects. I am sure that if I knew what I was getting into that I would have read the full manual, but at the end of the day if I was pregnant it was for my baby. If I didn’t read the manual correctly and I thought I would need to buy a few more things than what I actually needed I probably would have bought a lot more.

Baby guide doesn’t tell you everything you need to know about carrying your baby. Many women’s fertility guides have some rather strange notions on what is suitable to wear and when. It doesn’t talk about how many hours on your feet should be or what kind of swimwear to wear when you are swimming and giving birth.

If you have read reviews on baby guides and the ones that I have seen, you should make sure that the one you are reading has lots of positive reviews. These reviews will give you a clear idea of how much experience the companies have and how knowledgeable they are.

You might want to talk to friends who have made the transition from nursing to nappies and see how they did. Make sure you check out baby product forums too, which can be really helpful when you need a second opinion. The best thing you can do is really think about what you really want to achieve in regards to washing and drying your own nappies and how to do it.

What to Look For in a Baby Guide

If you’ve just become a new mum and you have already started thinking about the kinds of items you will want for your new baby, then a Baby Guide could be the next thing on your list. Having one of these handy guides around for the baby can help you prepare and also provide you with helpful information as well.

Many people will only think about these guides when their woman starts to lose her fertility. After all, if you have gone through infertility treatments or are planning a pregnancy in the future, having a guide to prepare you for it can be a great way to help.

However, you don’t have to look into any kind of product if you want to find a guide that will help you make the most out of your woman’s fertility. In fact, it’s not hard to find one and this can help you prevent any unwanted accidents.

Many women do the research online by looking into what they are going to need to help them get through their pregnancies, including the kind of guide they should have. When looking around, one thing to take into consideration is that you will need one that can carry you through your first trimester.

You will also need one that will carry you through your second trimester as well. That’s the first rule and if you want one that will work for you, you can just remember that.

The second rule to remember is that you can also use the guide to carry you through the third trimester, as well as the fourth. Of course, the third trimester is the time when you may start to notice some changes in your uterus, so you’ll need to make sure that the guide can handle this.

The most important factor you have to look at is the durability. Many people buy guides for the idea that they will be able to carry them through the rest of their pregnancies, but for some reason that just doesn’t work as good as you thought it would.

Luckily, there are plenty of guides on the market that can easily take care of this. These include special washable nappies that you just change in between the different stages of your pregnancy.

Also, a guide that has been designed by experts will not only be more useful for your future baby, but will also work great for the babies that come after that. You don’t want to rush the process of getting pregnant, so it will be a better idea to have one that has a little bit of assistance.

Of course, you may want to have a guide with an element of womb massage, as well. There are some people who claim that this kind of massage helps to relax the womb and allow your body to prepare for pregnancy.

So, when shopping for a guide, remember to buy one that has everything you need. You’ll also want to make sure that you have one that is durable and one that is easy to carry around.

Signs of Ovulation

Sometimes the desired pregnancy makes you wait. Some women in this situation begin to listen to their bodies in order to feel special sensations during ovulation. Others are looking for information on methods to detect symptoms more accurately. How not to miss the time favorable for conception, and what is better to trust – your own feelings or scientific methods? To always be aware of your body and ovulation, use the best ovulation test strips.

Why is ovulation so important for pregnancy planning?

To begin with, we will understand what ovulation is. This is the moment the egg leaves the ovary into the fallopian tube, after which it becomes available for sperm. The egg lives for about 24 hours 1, and then the “fertilization window” closes. Thus, during the entire menstrual cycle, there is only one day in which a woman can conceive a child.

You may have heard from your friends that they became pregnant on the day when there were no symptoms or signs of ovulation. They are mistaken in their feelings: without a lively and accessible egg, fertilization is impossible in principle. But there are nuances. First, sex that will cause pregnancy does not have to happen on the day of ovulation. Spermatozoa that reach the cervix or overcome this barrier remain viable for up to three, sometimes five days 2. This means that they can wait until the egg “leaves the house.” Secondly, the day of ovulation may not come in the middle of the cycle, but sooner or later due to the individual characteristics of the body, changes in hormonal levels, stress and other reasons.

When does ovulation occur?

This occurs around the middle of the menstrual cycle. With an ideal course of an ideal 28-day cycle, this event will happen on the 14th day. However, in reality, the egg release period varies widely, so the calendar in this matter is an unreliable assistant 3. Relying on special sensations is also not worth it. However, there are certain signs of ovulation in women, with which you can understand when a favorable day for conception comes.

As can be seen in this illustration, follicular maturation starts from the beginning of menstruation, and on the day of ovulation, the egg leaves it. At the same time, an increase in body temperature * 4 and an increase in the level of luteinizing hormone * 5 are observed. These two symptoms are one of the main symptoms. We will tell you more about them.

How to detect ovulation by temperature change?

During the day, the human body temperature changes, and it reaches the lowest point in the resting phase, i.e. during a night’s sleep. This temperature is called basal, and in the dynamics of its change, you can see signs of ovulation in a woman.

In the early days of the menstrual cycle, the basal temperature stays at approximately the same level. The day before ovulation, it decreases by a fraction of a degree, and on the main day for future pregnancy, it increases, and above the level of the beginning of the cycle. It is important to understand that all these “jumps” are hardly noticeable: the temperature after ovulation is only 0.3-0.6 degrees higher than the temperature before it. However, due to the characteristic pattern (almost direct, short-term subsidence, rise above the initial level), these signs can be recognized.

How does the luteinizing hormone help determine ovulation at home?

The concentration of luteinizing hormone increases significantly shortly before ovulation and then also drops sharply 5. The principle of operation of special test strips, which can be bought at most pharmacies and in many supermarkets, is based on this feature. The ovulation test is very similar to the pregnancy test and has the same mechanism of action: you need to wet a strip of urine and wait for the result.

Can a gynecologist recognize signs of ovulation in a woman?

Naturally! He can see the symptoms even visually. The cervical canal is filled with the so-called cervical mucus – it protects the uterus from the penetration of harmful microorganisms, as well as sperm. During ovulation, the mucus liquefies * 6, becomes more fluid to open the sperm to the egg. A specialist is able to notice these signs during a gynecological examination.

There are more modern methods for recognizing ovulation. Firstly, the main instrument of gynecology and obstetrics is ultrasound 7. Secondly, the same test for a luteinizing hormone that you can do at home. Only in the clinic blood is taken for analysis, and laboratory equipment measures the level of the hormone in numbers and confirms ovulation with great accuracy.

Unfortunately, not all women have the opportunity to visit a specialist for several days in a row. But if you have one, this is, of course, an ideal option.

what is fertility photo

What is female fertility and what does it depend on?

One of the main destinations of a woman is the birth of a child. But pregnancy is not always as easy as we would like. An essential factor for conception is female fertility, which is an indicator of the health of the entire reproductive system of a woman.

What is a woman’s fertility?

Female fertility is directly the woman’s ability to conceive and bear children. From birth, a woman’s body contains several million eggs, which are taken during the period of intrauterine development. It is believed that by adolescence, their number decreases to about 400 thousand. It is essential to understand that these cells in the body do not renew, as sperm do in men.

From the moment puberty begins (when girls start menstruating), the eggs, which were previously in the ovaries in a “sleeping” state, begin to gradually mature. Once a month, approximately in the middle of the menstrual cycle, a mature egg comes out of the follicle – this process is called ovulation, and it is directly related to the woman’s ability to conceive a child. The egg after fertilization by the sperm gradually enters the uterus, where it attaches to the walls of the uterus for further growth and development of the fetus.

Female fertility depends not only on ovulation but also on other conditions of the body:

  • it is necessary that the fallopian tubes, in which the egg is to meet with the sperm, must have normal patency;
  • the endometrium must be of sufficient thickness so that the embryo is successfully implanted for subsequent development;
  • The uterus and its cervix must be healthy to bear the baby and reduce the likelihood of premature birth.

Various hormones produced by the body continually influences all the processes of a woman’s reproductive system. Therefore, the hormonal background is also essential for female fertility.

The level of female fertility is usually evaluated by three factors – the ability to conceive, bear, and give birth to a child. It is believed that if a woman is capable of only 2 of the three factors, then fertility is low if all three are average. High productivity is indicated if a woman can conceive, bear, and give birth to several children in a row.

Fertile days

Fertile are those days of the menstrual cycle in which the likelihood of becoming pregnant is maximum. This period begins five days before ovulation and ends a couple of days after it. To determine the days of fertility, you can count on the calendar – it is assumed that ovulation occurs in the middle of the cycle, and from this date, five days are numbered in one and two days in the other direction. But this method is not accurate since each organism is individual, and the egg can exist on different days.

You can determine the days of fertility in a woman in other ways:

  • My basal temperature. It is measured every morning in the rectum, without getting out of bed, and recorded on a schedule. Ovulation is indicated by a slight drop in temperature, followed by a sharp increase.
  • According to cervical secretions. On fertility days, they become more voluminous, and their consistency also changes – they become stretching, outwardly similar to egg white.
  • According to ovulation tests. You can buy them at the pharmacy. Performing is similar to pregnancy tests – the test strip is lowered into a container with urine. But the procedure must be performed daily; it is recommended to start about five days before the expected ovulation. When the test shows two equally bright strips, this means the maximum readiness of the female body in the next day for conception.

In addition to the listed methods for determining such days, a woman can undergo an ultrasound examination, but this method is not used so often. By identifying fertile days, a woman significantly increases her chances of pregnancy in the current menstrual cycle.

what is fertility photo

What is a woman’s fertility days?

Factors Affecting Fertility

It should be understood that the level of female fertility is not a constant indicator given from birth. It is influenced by many elements at once, among which:

  • Age (every year, eggs from the ovaries exit less often, cycles without ovulation occur more often);
  • Too significant or insufficient weight (affects the hormonal background);
  • Stress (cause hormonal imbalance);
  • Early menopause
  • Some diseases that affect the hormonal balance (diabetes, polycystic ovary syndrome and others);
  • Impassable fallopian tubes;
  • Some gynecological diseases (including non-inflammatory ones);
  • Numerous surgical interventions in the uterus (primarily abortion);
  • Bad habits.

When evaluating female fertility, the following factors should always be considered. Some of them lead to the inability to become pregnant, while others affect the ability to bear.

Violations of female fertility can be permanent – it is impossible to become pregnant naturally, and also temporary – if the negative factors are eliminated, conception and childbirth are possible.

How to increase a woman’s fertility?

If you find any health problems that interfere with the conception of a child, it is first necessary to begin adequate treatment prescribed by a doctor. If necessary, both drug therapy and surgical intervention can be specified, and treatment should not be neglected.

But besides diseases and health-related disorders, many factors can help improve fertility and give birth to a healthy baby. The following rules can increase the ability to conceive and have a baby:

  1.    Regular sex life (at least 2-3 times a week);
  2.    Balanced nutrition (rejection of low-calorie diets, the inclusion of various foods in the diet, exclusion of junk food – fried, too fatty, pickled, and so on);
  3.    Complete rejection of bad habits (alcohol and smoking);
  4.    Reception of vitamin complexes prescribed by a doctor;
  5.    Moderate physical activity;
  6.    Decreased caffeine intake
  7.    Stress minimization;
  8.    Compliance with the water balance (daily accordance with the norm of clean water is approximately 2 liters);
  9.    Refusal to take painkillers during ovulation, as they can adversely affect the whole process.

All these recommendations can favorably affect the fertility of women, increasing the likelihood of conception and the birth of a healthy baby. Therefore, adhere to such rules regardless of the level of productivity and the presence of unsuccessful attempts to become pregnant in the past.

If pregnancy does not occur within a year after the start of rushing attempts, you should think about the reasons for which you should consult a gynecologist-reproductologist. With its help, an examination of the body and determination of the level of female fertility will be carried out, and if necessary, competent treatment will be prescribed.

how change diaper

How often to change a diaper for a baby?

Newly-made mothers who recently gave birth to their first child are terrified of doing something wrong and inadvertently harming the baby. You want to raise healthy, happy, and active children, and therefore, surround them with care and attention. And since the change in disposable diapers is an integral part of caring for small children, many parents quite reasonably have feelings and doubts about whether they often change diapers.

Today there are no strictly established norms in which it would be written, after how long it is necessary to change the diaper. However, it is imperative to take into account the child’s age and how often he has urination and bowel movements.

how change diaper

How often to change diapers in newborns?

How often to change diapers in newborns?

Babies are considered to be babies from birth until they turn 28 days old. Moreover, this neonatal period is divided into two stages:

  • early neonatal period, which approximately lasts from the 1st to the 7th day of the baby’s life;
  • late neonatal period, which begins on the 7th day of life and ends on the 28th day.

Each of these stages of the little man has its characteristics and directly affects how many times his diapers will have to be changed by his parents.

The thing is that it is in the first week of the baby’s life that he adapts to the extrauterine existence. Therefore, parents need to be prepared for the fact that the child will have frequent urination (standard – 15-20 times in bitches).

Also, it is in the early neonatal period (approximately from the 1st to the 5th day) that the child’s body is freed from meconium, and only with the appearance of breast milk in the mother does his stool begin to improve. Thus, while caring for the baby, the diaper will have to be changed more often than for older children.

In the late neonatal period, frequent urination in the newborn is also observed (up to 20 times a day), but the child’s body has already got rid of the first feces, and stool is starting to improve. And therefore, if you ask any pediatrician about how often to change diapers in newborns, he will answer that you need to do this every two to three hours.

Many diapers that are designed for newborns have special indicator strips. They indicate to parents that it is time to make a replacement. If there is no such indicator, it is recommended to spend a hand every hour on the inner surface of the diaper, and if it is wet, then immediately remove it from the child. In this case, one must not forget to regularly wash the baby and give his delicate skin a break from the diaper.

Also, do not be scared if the process of excretion in a newborn occurs after each breastfeeding – this is considered the norm. But if this happened, then you must remove the diaper and wash the baby.

How many times to change a diaper for babies from a month?

Each mom needs to understand that the older her child becomes, the fewer times he will need to relieve himself. Of course, it will not be possible to accurately calculate this, because there are individual characteristics of the organism, but there is still some dependence.

From the table, you can see that at the age of up to 3 months, pediatricians recommend changing the diaper every 3-4 hours and do this even if it is not yet full. And all because the skin of young children is very delicate, and prolonged exposure to diapers can cause diaper rash and discomfort.

At the age of 3 to 6 months, a diaper can be changed for a child even after a five-hour stay in it. But this does not mean that you can keep the baby in full diapers – this can never be done under any circumstances.

As for children of one year old, their parents usually no longer have questions about changing diapers, because they already know the needs of their child and the features of their body, so the change is carried out as necessary.

Do I need to change diapers at night?

Many executive parents, remembering that the diaper needs to be changed every three hours, regularly carry out such manipulations with the child even at night. However, doctors do not recommend this if the diaper is not full, the skin is dry, and the baby is sleeping calmly. In cases where the diaper is full or if something is uncomfortable for the child, you should carefully replace it.

Caring for newborns is a very painstaking and responsible task, but disposable diapers greatly simplify the life of modern parents who can only carefully monitor their baby. Regularly changing diapers, caring for delicate skin, and observing the rules of intimate hygiene, mothers will save both themselves and the child from unnecessary feelings and suffering.

How many times have you changed diapers for your baby? Share your experience in the comments – it will be invaluable to parents!